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SIA researchers make new progress on biofabrication and nanomechanical analysis
Author: Update times: 2024-03-22                          | Print | Close | Text Size: A A A
Gastric cancer is one of the most prevalent digestive malignancies. Effective in vitro peritoneal models are beneficial for exploring the potential mechanisms of gastric cancer’s peritoneal metastasis. An accumulating body of research indicates that small extracellular vesicles (sEVs) play an indispensable role in peritoneal metastasis of gastric cancer cells.

Recently, researchers from Shenyang Institute of Automation, Chinese Academy of Sciences (SIA, CAS) have constructed a biomimetic peritoneum. The biomimetic model is similar to real peritoneum in internal microstructure, composition, and primary function, and it enables the recurrence of peritoneal metastasis process in vitro. 

Based on this model, the association between the mechanical properties of sEVs and the invasiveness of gastric cancer was studied. By performing nanomechanical analysis on sEVs, researchers found that the Young’s modulus of sEVs can be utilized to differentiate between malignant clinical samples (ascites) and nonmalignant clinical samples (peritoneal lavage). Furthermore, patients’ ascites-derived sEVs were verified to stimulate the mesothelial-to-mesenchymal transition, thereby promoting peritoneal metastasis. 

In summary, nanomechanical analysis of living sEVs could be utilized for the noninvasive diagnosis of malignant degree and peritoneal metastasis of gastric cancer. 

This study is published on ACS NANO.  

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