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Chinese researches propose lifelong metric learning for smarter online learning
Author: Update times: 2019-07-11                          | Print | Close | Text Size: A A A

Online metric/similarity learning has been widely used in data mining, information retrieval, and computer vision, mainly due to its high efficiency and scalability to large-scale dataset. Unlike most existing batch learning methods that learn metric model offline with all training samples, online learning aims to exploit of one or a group of samples to update the metric model iteratively, and is ideal for tasks in which data arrives sequentially.

However, most state-of-the art online metric learning models can only achieve online learning from fixed predefined t (t > 0) metric learning tasks (i.e., each metric is unique to each task in the setting of multitask learning) and cannot add the new task.

To deal with this problem, CONG Yang and his research team at Shenyang Institute of Automation of Chinese Academy of Sciences proposed a lifelong metric learning (LML) to mimic “human learning”, i.e., endowing a new capability to the learned metric for a new task from new online samples and incorporating previous experiences and knowledge. The study was published on IEEE Transactions on Cybernetics.

The LML maintains a common subspace for all learned metrics, namely lifelong dictionary. It is capable of transferring knowledge from the common subspace, in order to learn each new metric learning task with task-specific idiosyncrasy, and can redefine the common subspace over time, maximizing performance across all metric tasks.

The research team conducted extensive experiments on several multitask datasets, and verify that the proposed framework are well suited to the lifelong learning problem, and exhibit prominent performance in both effectiveness and efficiency.


Demonstration of the LML (Photo by CONG yang)




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